Pancreatic necrosis is a condition associated with the death of pancreatic tissue due to acute pancreatic inflammation (pancreatitis). This occurs due to excessive alcohol intake or blockage of the duct into which pancreatic juice empties (biliary tract). The necrotic tissue may get infected over a period of time if left untreated and cause serious complications such as formation of an abscess (collection of pus). The symptoms of pancreatic necrosis include:
- Pain, bloating or tenderness in the abdomen
- Back pain
- Nausea or vomiting
- Rapid pulse
Your doctor can diagnose pancreatic necrosis by assessing your medical history and ordering blood tests to check for increased levels of white blood cells, and abnormal levels of liver and pancreatic enzymes. Imaging tests such as ultrasound, CT scan, MRI and endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (narrow tube with a camera is inserted through your mouth and extended into your stomach) may also be performed to view the pancreas and confirm diagnosis.
Pancreatic necrosis can be treated with the help of medication including antibiotics, pain killers and intravenous fluids. Surgical treatment may be performed to drain the infection from the pancreas and place a drain to remove post-surgical infection.